A Complete Guide to Chemical Exfoliation for Acne

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For those who haven’t observed, chemical exfoliation is admittedly having a second. You’ve probably heard us and each different magnificence outlet speak about acids however perhaps you continue to aren’t certain how they might help your pores and skin. We perceive your confusion. With out understanding their advantages, it may be exhausting to fathom why somebody would voluntarily put an acid on their face.

To place it merely, acne-fighting acids assist clear out pores and stimulate exfoliation. That is important for anybody with zits but in addition growing older, texture and hyperpigmentation considerations. Chemical exfoliation helps merchandise attain deeper layers of the pores and skin, whereas bodily exfoliation (guide scrubs) solely handle floor layer points. It might not look like it however chemical exfoliation is definitely a lot better than bodily exfoliation for acne-prone and delicate pores and skin as a result of it causes much less irritation to pores and skin’s floor.

It’s essential to notice, utilizing acids and chemical exfoliation causes a rise in solar sensitivity. If you’re going to embrace this step in your skincare routine, you MUST additionally use a day by day SPF.

When taking a look at Glo’s lineup of acids that assist deal with and stop zits, there are 4 classes that assist in each stage of zits:

  • Class 1: Acids to assist resolve present zits and stop new zits
  • Class 2: Acids to assist deal with post-acne unwanted side effects
  • Class 3: Acids for total pores and skin well being
  • Class 4: Acids in Skilled Remedies


There are two main kinds of acids that assist deal with and stop zits: Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHA) and Beta-Hydroxy Acids (BHA).

  • AHAs are finest used to stimulate exfoliation and enhance pores and skin’s texture and pigmentation. They’re generally present in smoothing and brightening merchandise due to their capability to penetrate the uppermost layers of the pores and skin and break up any lifeless pores and skin cells that reveal clear (and youthful!) trying pores and skin.
    • Glycolic Acid: Thought-about the gold commonplace of AHAs, Glycolic Acid has the smallest molecular measurement of all AHAs, that means it may well penetrate deeper layers to disclose a smoother complexion.
    • Lactic Acid: Often known as a gentler AHA with a bigger molecular measurement than Glycolic Acid. Lactic Acid has the identical end result as Glycolic Acid however at a slower price. That is very best for anybody with delicate or compromised pores and skin.
  • BHAs are completely different than AHAs as a result of they’re oil-loving. That is particularly essential for almost all of zits victims as extra oil and zits go hand-in-hand.
    • Salicylic Acid: One of many very best acne-fighting elements accessible due to its smaller molecular measurement that permits it to penetrate by means of oil all the best way down into pores, the place zits signs start.


Even after energetic zits clears, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) or the discolored shadow marks nonetheless stay.

  • Azelaic Acid: Helps deal with hyperpigmentation (whether or not brought on by zits or not) by stopping the enzyme that will increase extra melanin manufacturing. Azelaic Acid additionally fights the expansion of micro organism within the follicle, which as we all know, can result in clogged pores.
  • Gallic Acid: Just like Azelaic Acid, Gallic Acid helps brighten the pores and skin by inhibiting melanin-producing enzymes. Moreover, this acid additionally gives antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial advantages, selling an total brighter and smoother complexion.


Now that we’ve lined the true acne-fighting acids, let’s check out another essential acids that don’t exfoliate however nonetheless play a key position in total pores and skin well being.

  • Hyaluronic Acid: Well-known for its capability to draw and keep as much as 1000x its weight in water. Everybody ought to use Hyaluronic Acid as a result of it prevents transepidermal water loss and offers safety from free radical harm brought on by environmental aggressors.
  • Ascorbic Acid: A key ingredient in Vitamin C serums, this acid protects from UV radiation, improves pores and skin elasticity, stimulates collagen synthesis (diminished wrinkles), heals wounds and suppresses pores and skin pigmentation.


Many acids are solely accessible as much as sure focus ranges for shopper buy. If zits doesn’t reply to over-the-counter merchandise, the next focus could also be needed and should be administered by a licensed esthetician or dermatologist. Along with the highest acids beforehand mentioned, Glo gives a number of skilled chemical exfoliation peels that comprise further acids that help within the exfoliation and zits therapy course of.

  • Malic Acid: One other AHA with a bigger molecule than Glycolic and Lactic however may exfoliate by itself. Nonetheless, it’s mostly used alongside different AHAs for multilevel exfoliation.
    • Present in: Professional 5 Exfoliant
  • Mandelic Acid: The most important AHA molecule, making it very best for delicate pores and skin. Due to its molecular construction, it absorbs a lot slower and causes much less of a disruption. Mandelic Acid can be very best for deeply pigmented pores and skin due to its non-irritating nature. Moreover, Mandelic Acid comprises antibacterial properties that assist management oil and prep pores and skin for (skilled) extractions.
    • Present in: Professional 5 Exfoliant and TCA Scientific Reveal Peel

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